• Ittihadul Umam Universitas Hasyim Asy’ari Tebuireng Jombang, Indonesia
  • Elisa Nurul Laili Universitas Hasyim Asy’ari Tebuireng Jombang, Indonesia




Rhetorical device, Microstructure, Joe Biden


Abstract: In this study, researchers used a descriptive qualitative method to analyze data on rhetorical devices and how this was applied in the inauguration speech for the 2021 United States president. This study used theory from Jones and Peccei (2004) and the CDA approach by Van Dijk at the microstructural level. This study aims to find out how the speaker conveys the implied meaning by using rhetorical devices and also to find out how this is constructed in this speech. After data collection, the data is identified and analyzed using rhetorical devices based on the theory of Jones and Peccei 2004 coupled with critical discourse analysis which is limited to the microstructural elements of Van Dijk's theory. The researcher found that the speaker used all kinds of rhetorical devices, except for euphemisms. Those rhetorical devices are metaphor, parallelism, the rule of three, and pronouns. There are 16 devices found in the data. Based on the findings, the most dominant is parallelism, this shows that speakers like to use similar structures in explaining and conveying the contents of speech without changing the context. In addition, it can be concluded that the use of rhetorical devices and critical discourse analysis approaches in delivering speeches can contribute to making speeches more interesting and memorable.


Download data is not yet available.


Bagaskoro, G. (2021). Analisis Diksi Pidato Kemenangan Presiden Joe Biden. Jurnal Kajian Budaya, Bahasa Dan Sastra, 01.

Blake, A., & Scott, E. (2021). Transkrip pidato pengukuhan Joe Biden. Washingtonpost.Com. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/interactive/2021/01/20/biden-inauguration-speech/

CCN, C. Y. (2021). Watch President Joe Biden’s full inauguration speech. https://youtu.be/LGukNIEIhTU

Hanafi, F. (2021). An Analysis of Rhetorical Devices in George W . Bush ’ S Speech. Uin Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

Hanim, Z. A. (2016). Rhetorical Devices on Glenn Beck’s Speech in Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) 2016. Maulana Malik Ibrahim State Islamic University Malang.

Ismawati. (2020). Analisis Retorika Dalam Stand Up Comedy Raditya Dika. In Ismawati (Vol. 2, Issue 1). Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram 2020.

Jones and Peccei. (2004). Language, Society, and Power, An Introduction, second addition. Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, London and New York.

Li Fengjie, Ren Jia, Z. Y. (2016). Analysis of the Rhetorical Devices in Obama’s Public Speeches. International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 4(4), 141–146.

Mukhlis, M., Masjid, A. Al, Widyanimgrum, H. K., Komariah, K., Riau, U. I., Tamansiswa, U. S., Maret, U. S., & Maret, U. S. (2020). Analisis Wacana Kritis Model Teun A.Van Dijk Pada Surat Kabar Online Dengan Tajuk Kilas Balik Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh Akibat Pandemi Covid-19. 8.

Novianto, W. (2015). Rhetoric Analysis On The Syrian Conflict In Cnn And Al-Jazeera Selected News. English Language And Letters Departement Maulana Malik Ibrahim Islamic State University Malang.

Nurkhamidah, N., Fahira, R. Z., & Ningtyas, A. R. (2021). Rhetorical Analysis of Joe Biden’s Inauguration Address. JL3T ( Journal of Linguistics Literature and Language Teaching), 7(2), 73–82.

Ramsi, I. S. K. (2019). Struktur Mikro Wacana Iklan Obat Di Televisi. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Sulistyarini, D. (2020). Buku Ajar Retorika. In Khaerul Ikhwan (Ed.), CV. AA. Rizky. http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/20318/1/Buku Ajar Retorika.pdf

Swari, F. D. R. (2018). Rhetorical Devices Representing Power Relation For Group Affiliation On 2016 U.S Presidential Debate. Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Syarif, S. (2015). Rhetoric Analysis Of Michelle Obama’s Speech At The Democratic National Convention On September 4th 2012 A. Alauddin State Islamic University (UIN) Makassar.

Widyawardani, Y. I. (2016). Rhetorical Analysis Of Donald Trump’s Presidential Candidacy Announcement Speech. Sanata Dharma University.




How to Cite

Umam, I., & Laili, E. N. (2023). A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF RHETORICAL DEVICES IN JOE BIDEN INAUGURATION SPEECH 2021. Teaching English As Foreign Language, Literature and Linguistics, 3(1), 57–73. https://doi.org/10.33752/teflics.v3i1.4140