Irtifaq : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Syari'ah 2019-07-02T03:52:38+00:00 Masrokhin Open Journal Systems Irtifaq : Ilmu-Ilmu Syari'ah KONSEP PERLINDUNGAN HAK KONSUMEN PADA PASAL 4 HURUF B UU NOMOR 8 TAHUN 1999 TENTANG PERLINDUNGAN KONSUMEN DITINJAU DARI HUKUM ISLAM 2019-07-02T03:23:00+00:00 Ninik Azizah <p>This article intends to find out the concept of consumer protection in<br>Law No.8 of 1999 article 4 letter b concerning the right to choose goods and/or<br>services in accordance with the exchange rate, conditions, and guarantees<br>promised. Furthermore, the concept of consumer rights is reviewed through the<br>perspective of Islamic law. According to the law, in consuming a product,<br>consumers have the rights to make their choice. They may not get pressure from<br>outsiders so that he is no longer free to buy or not to buy. If consumers are not<br>careful in choosing the desired product or service, then it will be the object of<br>business activity that reap large profits and adverse sales methods, so that<br>consumers become the object of exploitation by irresponsible business actors. In<br>addition, consumers also need to get quality goods that are in accordance with the<br>prices set and agreed upon. In market freedom, businesses can dictate the market<br>by increasing prices and consumers becoming victims of the lack of choice.</p> <p>Keywords: Consumer Rights, Consumer Protection, Islamic Law</p> 2019-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) BATALNYA PERKAWINAN KARENA MURTAD DI TINJAU DARI HUKUM ISLAM 2019-07-02T03:26:48+00:00 M Chamim Mif Rohim <p>This article aims to examine the views of Islamic scholars related to the<br>cancellation of marriage (fasakh) because of apostasy and the legal consequences<br>caused. Cancelation of Marriage (fasakh) happens later, there is a reason that<br>prevents the perpetuation of marriage or is a consequence of knowing something<br>that accompanies the contract, which makes the contract invalid. At the same<br>time, the cancellation of the marriage itself has the legal consequence of it. One of<br>the consequences is related to the legal consequences of the child and the joint<br>property of the marriage, one of which is apostasy. The legal consequences that<br>occur due to the conversion of religion (apostasy) to one Muslim couple have two<br>major effects on the child and on the common property. While the status of the<br>child the author concludes that the child who is one of his parents is an apostate,<br>the child is rested on his mother. As for assets, they acquired prior to apostasy and <br>it can be divided equally between two sides, but if the assets obtained after<br>apostasy, then there <br>is no right for anyone <br>to share.</p> <p>Keywords: Islamic law, cancellation of marriage, apostasy</p> 2019-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) KEABSAHAN JUAL BELI OLEH ANAK DIBAWAH UMUR MENURUT MADZHAB HANAFI DAN SYAFI’I 2019-07-02T03:32:06+00:00 Abd Aziz Bahruddin <p>This article discusses the validity of buying and selling by<br>underage children according to Hanafi and Syafi'i. It is known that the<br>practice of it in Islam must meet the conditions that have been<br>determined, one of which is adult in thinking, with his own will, not<br>selfish, and adult in view (baligh). However, in practice there are many<br>traders who sell food or snacks to children who have not entered the age<br>of baligh (underage). Buying and selling by children who are underage in<br>Islamic law has been a difference of clerics' opinions, namely the Hanafi<br>considers that little children have not received a legal burden, whereas<br>the Syafi'i considers it illegitimate because underage children are<br>ineligible.</p> <p>Keywords: Validity, Buying and Selling, Underage Children</p> 2019-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) PANDANGAN ISLAM TERHADAP PERHITUNGAN WETON DALAM PERKAWINAN 2019-07-02T03:40:03+00:00 Ahmad Faruq <p>Marriage is the most important institution for the Islamic people<br>especially to form a family that is sakinah, mawaddah and rahmah. Some<br>Javanese people use days based on Wethon, good days, and so on. Since the<br>calendar period, which is a blend of native and Hindu Javanese with the year<br>name Saka (saka calendar) was used by the Javanese people until 1633 AD At the<br>time of Sultan Agung Hanyakrakusuma, he reigned. The famous king of Mataram<br>who obeyed Islam changed the calendar on Java in a revolutionary manner. At<br>that time the Saka calendar had been running until the end of 1554. The figure of<br>1554 was continued in the Sultan Agung calendar in 1955, even though the basis<br>of the calculations was completely different. Petungan Jawi has existed for a long<br>time and is a record of the ancestors based on good and bad experiences recorded<br>on primbon. The word primbon is derived from the word lush store or deposit, so<br>the primbon contains various calculations by a generation derived next generation.<br>Most Javanese have the confidence to use petungan to do things like marriage,<br>harvesting, building houses and others. In petungan there is a name called weton<br>in every weton which has its own value.<br>Keywords: Marriage, Petungan day, Islam</p> 2019-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) KONSEP AKUNTANSI DALAM ISLAM 2019-07-02T03:47:29+00:00 Syai’in Abdullah Afif <p>This article aims at discussing accounting concepts in Islam. The basic<br>concept of accounting has been explained in the al-Qur'an Surat al-Baqarah<br>verse 282 which contains an obligation to record non-cash transactions. The<br>development of Islamic governments to the Middle East, Africa and Asia in the<br>era of Umar Bin Khatab, second chaliph, has increased state revenues and<br>expenditures. Mu'amalah activities there are various types of shari'ah<br>transactions that have been implemented since the time of the Prophet until now.<br>The shari'ah transactions include buying and selling transactions, service<br>transactions, and transactions in the form of cooperation.</p> <p>Keywords: Muamalah, Accountancy, Registration</p> 2019-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) KENAIKAN PROSENTASE NAFKAH PEMELIHARAAN ANAK PASCA PERCERAIAN DALAM GUGATAN REKONPENSI 2019-07-02T03:51:55+00:00 Aulia Nada Rahman <p>The article discusses the increase in percentage of<br>maintenance of post - divorce child in the case of recopension lawsuit.<br>As is known despite the cost of living and maintenance of the child<br>(hadhanah) has been described in the Quran and al-Hadith, but post<br>divorce does not result in the breakdown of the obligations of the<br>father-child subsidies. On the one hand it seems that there has been an<br>injustice to the post-divorce husband, but on the other hand the judge<br>has ex officio rights in checking, breaking and resolving divorce<br>matters.</p> <p>Keywords: Maintenance, child maintenance (hadhanah), reconstruction</p> 2019-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c)