AKHLAK PENDIDIK DAN PESERTA DIDIK (PRESPEKTIF KH. M. HASYIM ASY’ARI DAN PROF. DR. Hj. ZAKIYAH DARADJAT)
National education begins which to put aside the moral
values that the authors include as the background of this study, it can
be seen from the number of educators and students who experience
a decline or even do not have the value of politeness. Indeed, the
formation of morals or character is the main goal in Islamic education
which can form a moral, pure, and clean soul and able to distinguish
between truth and fault. The author's interest is to study how KH.
M. Hasyim Asy'ari and Prof. Dr. Hj. Zakiyah Daradjat suggests a
moral education that can solve the problem of moral depravity that
occurs in this country. The aims of this research are 1. To find out
how moral education focuses on the morals of educators and
students Perspective KH. M. Hasyim Asy'ari and Prof. Dr. Hj.
Zakiyah Daradjat, 2. To find out the similarities and differences in
the morals of educators and students from the perspective of KH.
M. Hasyim Asy'ari and Prof. Dr. Hj. Zakiyah Daradjat. The library
research is used in this writing. Research with literature reading as the
basis for data collection was carried out carefully so that the
information was relevant to the research topic or study topic. Also in
this research approach is a qualitative approach, with content analysis
methods to analyze its content as well as scientific analysis of thought.
The context in this study and focuses on education which focuses on
morals by Kyai Hasyim Asy'ari and Prof. Dr. Hj. Zakiyah Daradjat.
The research shows 1. Education that focuses on the moral
perspective of KH. M. Hasyim Asy'ari includes 2 aspects, namely: 1)
Educators include a. educators who must have morals b. how to
become a professional educator and his efforts c. an educator's
strategy in teaching 2) Learners include a. students who prioritize
morals b. efforts to become students with good morals c. strategies
and procedures for students in learning. 2. Prof. perspective moral
education. Dr. Hj. Zakiyah Daradjat where 3 factors are the main
basis, namely: a. factor figure b. texture factor c. cultural factors 3.
The similarity of moral education offered by Hasyim and Mrs.
Zakiyah, namely in terms of educational materials, which are both
always reminded to get closer to Allah SWT, moral education
(interaction between educators and students), and social relations
basic namely the community. 4. There are also differences in the
formation of KH M. Hasyim Asy'ari who is more inclined towards
the educational environment because KH. M. Hasyim Asy'ari is in
the pesantren environment, Prof. Dr. Hj. Zakiyah Daradjat is located
in a family environment.
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